2009 Projects

APEC Conference for the Surveillance, Treatment, Laboratory Diagnosis and Vaccine Development of Enteroviruses (Chinese Taipei)

posted Jun 3, 2014, 3:18 AM by Admin Web

Enteroviruses are small viruses that are made of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein. This group includes the polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and other enteroviruses. Non-polio enteroviruses are common and distribute worldwide. Although infection often has no symptoms and goes unnoticed, these viruses are also associated with occasional outbreaks in which a larger-than-usual number of patients develop clinical disease, sometimes with fatal consequences. Enterovirus 71 has caused epidemics in several parts of the world since it was identified in 1969. It has a significantly higher pathogenicity, especially in respect to neurological complications or cardiopulmonary complications. In Chinese Taipei, a large epidemic of EV 71 infection occurred in 1998, involving 405 cases hospitalized with severe complications and 78 deaths. According to experience, children under the age of 5 are more prone to critical complications from the disease. A decade later, Chinese Taipei’s surveillance data has shown that EV 71 epidemic in 2008 has been more serious than those in the past few years. As of July, 2008, 315 severe cases of EV 71 infection have been confirmed in Chinese Taipei and 10 deaths have resulted from the epidemic. In many other APEC member economies, similarly serious outbreaks due to enteroviruses have occurred, including China, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam. However, the number of severe enteroviral infection continues to increase every year. In addition, no preventive vaccines and no highly efficacious medicine to eliminate these viruses are currently available. As a result, enteroviruses continue to pose a threat to human health. Recognizing the great need for improving the capacities among APEC members for the control of enteroviral infection, Chinese Taipei would like to propose a project to hold a “conference for the surveillance, treatment, laboratory diagnosis and vaccine development of enteroviruses”. This project will tentatively be held in Taipei in May 2009. The project is aimed to introduce theories and practices concerning the control and prevention of enteroviruses, and allow the opportunity for policy dialogue, and experience sharing on the control and prevention of enteroviruses in order to assist APEC member economies, especially the developing ones that are facing the outbreaks of enteroviruses infection. We believe that the project would be beneficial for APEC member economies through exchanging information on enterovirus control.

APEC Emerging Infections Networks (EINet): Expert Roundtable Series on Hot Topics in Infectious Diseases (United States)

posted Jun 3, 2014, 3:17 AM by Admin Web

The goal of this project is to improve public health preparedness against emerging bio-threats, such as avian influenza, by enhancing communication, coordination, and collaboration among the relevant sectors of the APEC economies, such as public health, trade, and communications. Broadly, this project aims to facilitate technical capacity building, connectivity, and cooperation among member economies.

This project proposes to facilitate four multi-point videoconferences among APEC economies on hot topics in infectious disease in order to facilitate communications and information sharing to increase pandemic preparedness throughout the region as well as to increase leadership development among APEC economies through a rotating facilitation and hosting schedule. Specifically, this project will virtually bring together an expert forum (videoconferences) on emerging infections from participating economies on a quarterly basis. A major component of the project is to enhance participation in advanced network-supported activities to explore emerging modes of real-time communication to improve regional preparedness in the Asia Pacific. Hopefully, by facilitating communication and cooperation between the public health professionals from different APEC member economies, the biological and economic threat posed by emerging infections can be reduced.

This project also proposes to support EINet as an ongoing asset by continuously tailoring, enhancing, and populating its 10-year EINet archives of weekly disease alert information through the maintenance of w weekly bulletin function of the APEC EINet user community. Furthermore, by providing a high-speed networking platform that has been established through regular testing for ongoing preparedness activities in Asia Pacific Region, the EINet gains supports as an ongoing asset.

Project activities will include the ongoing maintenance and continued refinement of the epidemic alert and information services of APEC EINet. The project strengthens regional information technology sharing capabilities by providing technical guidance on networking and communications during the course of preparation and active participation of the APEC EINet videoconferences.

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